Victor Pasmore (3 December
1908 – 23 January 1998) was an English artist and architect. He was an
important part of the revival of abstract art in Britain in the 1950s,
and visited Cornwall during this period though never lived in the
Pasmore was born in Chelsham, Surrey. He studied at Harrow but with the
death of his father in 1927 he was forced to take an administrative job
at the London County Council. He studied painting part-time at the
Central School of Art and was associated with the formation of the
Euston Road School and the first post-war exhibition of abstract art.
After experimenting with abstraction Pasmore worked for a time in a
lyrical figurative style, painting views of the Thames from Hammersmith
much in the style of Turner and Whistler. Beginning in 1947 he developed
a purely abstract style under the influence of Ben Nicholson and other
artists associated with Circle, becoming a pioneering figure of the
revival of interest in Constructivism in Britain following the War. He
stayed in St Ives during the Summer 1950, and was friendly with a number
of St Ives artists, particularly Ben Nicholson who was some years older.
Pasmore's abstract work, often in collage and construction of reliefs,
pioneered the use of new materials and was sometimes on a large
architectural scale. Herbert Read described Pasmore's new style as 'The
most revolutionary event in post-war British art'.
Pasmore was a leading figure in the promotion of abstract art and reform
of the fine art education system. From 1943 - 49 he taught at Camberwell
School of Art where one of his students was
Terry Frost whom he advised not to bother with the School's formal
teaching and to instead study the works in the National Gallery. In 1950
he was commissioned to design an abstract mural for a bus depot in
Kingston upon Hull and the following year Pasmore contributed a mural to
the Festival of Britain. From 1952 he was leader of the art course of
Kings College Durham based in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. There he developed a
general art and design course inspired by the 'basic course' of the
Bauhaus that became the model for higher arts education across the UK.
Pasmore was a supporter of fellow artist Richard Hamilton, giving him a
teaching job in Newcastle and contributing a constructivist structure to
the exhibition "This Is Tomorrow" in collaboration with Ernő Goldfinger
and Helen Phillips. Pasmore was commissioned to make a mural for the new
Newcastle Civic Centre. His interest in the synthesis of art and
architecture was given free hand when he was appointed Consulting
Director of Architectural Design for Peterlee development corporation in
1955. Pasmore's choices in this area proved controversial; the
centerpiece of the town design became an abstract Public Art structure
of his design, the Apollo Pavilion. The structure became the focus for
local criticism over the failures of the Development Corporation but
Pasmore remained a defender of his work, returning to the town to face
critics of the Pavilion at a public meeting in 1982.
Pasmore represented Britain at the 1961 Venice Biennale, was
participating artist at the documenta II 1959 in Kassel and was a
trustee of the Tate Gallery, donating a number of works to the
collection. He gave a lecture on J.M.W.Turner as 'first of the moderns'
to the Turner Society, of which he was elected a vice-president in 1975.
Adapted from wikipedia