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Transition: Curator's Edition

Week 1: 23rd to 27th January 2008: GreenCube and Higher Academy of Happiness



Upper Gallery, Newlyn Art Gallery

Curated by GreenCube 

There is an aura of contemplation in the Upper Gallery of the Newlyn Art Gallery: an otherworldly sound gently resonates throughout the space, like a hi-tech Gregorian chant. Entering the space a noisy and ramshackle apparatus lurches into life, scanning the walls with a dangerous-looking green laser. The machinery is like a survivalist’s farm machine, built from bicycle parts and an electric drill, and powered by old car batteries.


The choral sound 'Aquarius', created by Nigel Ayers, is a generative audio work for eight stereo speakers. The piece apparently began as a 1972 recording of a Cornish male voice choir, singing the popular hit from the musical 'Hair'. It has been subjected to a digital process of exaggerated time-stretching and is now almost entirely unrecognisable.

The spinning laser is 'Wish We Weren’t Here' by Paul Chaney, used previously to create photographs in the landscape depicting the raised sea-levels resulting from global warming.


In 'Raising the Eathorne Stone', by Paul Chaney & Steve Patterson a small DVD player stands on a plinth, and in front of it is a simple A4 plastic display book. This contains a fascinating exchange of letters and emails between artists, mystics, farmers, engineers and archaeologists: documenting the process of discovery and re-erection of a standing stone in a field a few miles away the exhibition space. The DVD has been shot using the obsolete home-movie format of Super 8 film, this lends organic saturated colours and texture to the footage.

In 'Cornish Shrew Mysteries', also by Chaney, a snapshot is enlarged to a colossal size of a hand offering three dead baby shrews to the camera. The photograph is flanked by two small shelves. On each shelf the bodies of shrews are sensitively placed in makeshift shrines; one made from a bird’s nest and the other a tobacco tin lined with fresh flower petals. A small sketch drawn in faint pencil and smaller photographs on the wall describes the discovery of the dead shrews in corners of the artist’s smallholding.


Standing on another plinth is a small open cardboard box. Printed on the lid is a photograph of an arrangement of rocky cairns and a prayer flag on what looks like a Himalayan mountaintop. This is 'Holy Mountain' by Nigel Ayers, labelled as containing 10 Earth samples from the Holy Mountain Brown Willy, and the photograph was in fact taken on that same hilltop in North Cornwall. The black soil samples are contained in neatly labelled clear test tubes. The title reflects the influence of the visionary films of Alejandro Jodorowsky, whose feature film 'Holy Mountain' was released in 1973. The box can be interpreted as a alchemical cult relic or as a cigar box, referencing the use of cigars in voodoo ritual. It also mimics the format of boxed multiples, intended
as affordable artworks, made by members of the Fluxus movement in the 1960s.


Examining artists’ notebooks we see in their sketches, flashes of insight which are subsequently realised in the form of painting or sculpture. In the case of Charles Darwin’s notebooks, these insights led him to formulate the theory of evolution. 'Darwin’s First Tree' by Rupert White grows from the floor and stretches up into the gallery skylights, its aluminium branches glinting in the sunlight. It is a three-dimensional reproduction of a sketch by Darwin in which he first made this diagram of the evolutionary tree of life, where species branch out into sub-species and new life forms emerge as nature grows in increasing complexity.



On the largest wall of the gallery is 'One a day' a series of drawings by Daryl Waller. When I visit, the artist is half way through his series of large ink and pastel drawings made in response to the exhibition. On the first an enlarged drawing of that day’s Western Morning News shouts NEW PUSH FOR GREEN ENERGY. The second re-styles a Roger Hilton drawing with the addition of fluorescent pound-shop stars, in the third DARK TIMES is corrected to ARK TIME as a bleeding figure lies draped over a table top.

Rupert White’s 'Magic Tree' dangles from a rafter. It is an enlarged copy of a car air-freshener cut from a piece of sterling board, a cheap type of builder’s board made from woodchips. On the tree hang a selection of original signed drawings and prints by well-known 20th century St Ives artists: Roger Hilton, Sven Berlin, Bryan Pearce, Alan Lowndes and Denis Mitchell. These are decorated with absurd images of middle-aged people clipped from naturist magazines. The tree is scented with a pungent chemical air-freshener. Hung in this irreverent manner, the St Ives pictures, which have a high value to collectors, take on a different meaning. The faux naivete (or authenticity) for which they are valued assumes a shocking freshness when seen in this context, and these aging drawings once again assume a radical beauty, in many ways mirroring the knowing humour of Daryl Waller’s work.



Nearby, droplets of water cling like glistening jewels to the inside of 'Still (condensation-cube)': a sculpture in which a simple process of condensation converts sea-water collected from Mounts Bay to drinking water. This work by Rupert White alludes both to the human instinct for survival, and to processes of spiritual transformation. 'Psilo' and 'Corporation-tree', two other large sculptures by the same artist rest in the adjacent space. The former is based on hallucinations that have been reported by people taking magic mushrooms, and the latter seems to refer to the artificial planting schemes of out-of-town retail parks.

On the last wall, is 'The Bodmin Moor Zodiac', 12 mysterious silver-framed images based on aerial photographs of areas of Bodmin Moor accompanied by a wood-framed vintage Ordinance Survey map showing the same images in situ. These ink-on-paper images, with the saturated colour of batiks, have been digitally-enhanced to highlight the Rorschach–like images of zodiac signs. This may be a colossal piece of Neolithic land art discovered by Nigel Ayers, or it may be an expression of an attempt to use diagrams, schematics, flow charts to link the real material world with the abstract world of thought and feeling.

Until now, psychogeography has been an urban concept. There is little precedent for the ideas of psychogeography applied to a rural setting like Cornwall and the content of the rural imagination. Most people coming into the Cornwall area are attracted to the experience of the coast. However, the art in this exhibition emphasises an interaction with the interior landscape, both literally in terms of inland areas and
metaphorically in terms of the recesses of the human mind.

In this work, there is shift of emphasis from the visual, to a holistic use of contemporary art tactics. The style is one that has become familiar in terms of sensationalistic Young British art, however the GreenCube artists are very clearly attempting to reclaim the tools of 1960s conceptualism, to charge their work with levels of meaning that have been lost in contemporary art marketing. The mood of the show is contemplative, yet punctuated with the shocks of the postmodern world. A powerful antidote to the globalisation of contemporary art, 'psycho/geography' was an exciting exhibition made by a group of emerging artists sharing a heightened awareness of their geographic and historical location in Cornwall.


psycho/geography was mentored by Steve Messam of FOLD and FRED, Cumbria

Words: Alma Dinger, Photos: Rupert White, Video: Nigel Ayers





Higher Academy of Happiness

Lower Gallery, Newlyn Art Gallery

Curated by The Higher Academy of Happiness


The Higher Academy of Happiness was the curator of new interdisciplinary research on 'the good life' through experiments with artworks and live art events. The study borrowed the management tool of ‘Key Performance Indicators’ from government and business organisations to investigate whether art can shed any light on the quality of life, and how it can be measured. The research was carried out to support the Kingdom of Bhutan, currently seeking new ways to assess a society’s effectiveness through Gross National Happiness (GNH).

The Academy brought together five contemporary artists based in Cornwall to explore the 'feel good' and 'feel bad' factors in the quality of life through the different creative standpoints of jazz music, sound art, movement improvisation, glasswork, film and installation. The artists were Rae Chapman, Davina Kirkpatrick, Noel Perkins, Caroline Schance and Larry Stabbins.


Recipes for the Good Life (2008) corporate balloons, yellow paper, pen, breath, people. Members of the public were invited to write down their recipe for the good life on yellow slips of paper, fold the paper, insert it into an academy balloon, inflate it and tie a knot in it.


 Sweet Spot (2006) Film and sound installation by Rae Chapman. A work recalling the moment at a wake when everyone laughed.


 x=1 (2008). Animated film by Rae Chapman. 3D animated graph visualising the magnitude of the happiness problem, and when less becomes more.



White Queen Psychology remix (2008) by Larry Stabbins. Saxaphone and Reaktor. New work to expose core feel good/feel bad factors from new album, Stonephace, with key philosophical readings on good life as soundtrack. Film by Rae Chapman.


Mapping the Quality of Life (2008) - blackboard, film, movement. Noel Perkins and Caroline Schanche, members of public, Higher Academy of Happiness. Homage to Joseph Beuys.


Quality of Life Impressions – Blue (2008) Glass and film. Clear cast and etched glass by Davina Kirkpatrick held in suspense awaiting regeneration. Film by Rae Chapman.


Happening at the Academy (2008) – movement improvisation, glass, film, sound, public. Live art event experiment in synthesising and presenting data from cooperative inquiry. Noel Perkins, Caroline Schanche, Larry Stabbins, Davina Kirkpatrick, Rae Chapman.



Mentor Online (2008) – mentor and mentees, MacBook Pro, Skype. Live video conference with curatorial mentor, Dr. Becky Shaw to establish curator job description, targets and performance review mechanisms that measure levels of success.



Bottom Line in Yellow (2008) – blackboard, chalk, corporate balloons, Cornish daffodils, recipes for the good life.


Recipes for the good life collected as durational public artwork were released during the curatorial review on the final day of the exhibition. A yellow paper trail of new data formed a continuous line around the entire gallery space as the last trace of this cycle of inquiry into the good life.

The Higher Academy of Happiness offers a model for learning on how to improve the quality of life. The Academy uses the arts and art events as a toolkit to promote dialogue and reflective practice on well-being.

Thank you for your contribution.


Words and images: Rae Chapman

Download PDF copy of this report plus more works and more images here